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macros - decrease font size by one point - tex


i want to make a command that prints the argument with a font which is one point smaller than the current one.for example, if a document has 11pt font, the command has to print with 10pt. if the document has 10pt font, i want the command to print with 9pt font.i don't want this to be bound to the document's font size though. if the command is used in an environment that defines the font to be xpt, i want the command to produce a text with the font size (x-1)pt






'table index is nil' error when using the avenir font with fontspec + luatex - t


according to the fontspec package's user manual (2017/03/31 v2.6a, section 5.1, p. 12)fonts known to luatex [...] may be loaded by their standard names as you'd speak them out loud, such as times new roman or adobe garamond. [...]the simplest example might be something like\setmainfont{cambria}[...][...] the 'font name' can be found in various ways, such as by looking in the name listed in a application like font book on mac os x.my operating system is mac os x. the following screenshot shows the times new roman font in in my font book application.the following screenshot shows the avenir font name in my font book application.the following latex document sets the main font of the document to times new roman.\documentclass{report} \usepackage{fontspec} \setmainfont{times new r...






a font that's readable with a 5px height


if the 5x5 pixel font suggested by cai and mayersdesign is still too large, you could try the 4x5 pixel font i made a few years ago for a challenge on another se site.the original version included only the letters a to z and the . and ! characters, but i just made an actual ttf version of the font (using an online tile-based font editor) that includes all printable ascii characters. (no accented letters or fancy non-ascii punctuation yet, though, and the lowercase letters are identical to the uppercase.)in fact, i made two versions: one with variable letter spacing, and one that's monospace. here's what they look like (at 200% size):i haven't tested these fonts in photoshop, but they do work just fine in gimp: just set the font size to (a multiple of) 5px, and line spacing to 1px or mor...






a font that's readable with a 5px height


if the 5x5 pixel font suggested by cai and mayersdesign is still too large, you could try the 4x5 pixel font i made a few years ago for a challenge on another se site.the original version included only the letters a to z and the . and ! characters, but i just made an actual ttf version of the font (using an online tile-based font editor) that includes all printable ascii characters. (no accented letters or fancy non-ascii punctuation yet, though, and the lowercase letters are identical to the uppercase.)in fact, i made two versions: one with variable letter spacing, and one that's monospace. here's what they look like (at 200% size):i haven't tested these fonts in photoshop, but they do work just fine in gimp: just set the font size to (a multiple of) 5px, and line spacing to 1px or mor...






dubai promotes its very own font as a sign of free expression. others disagree.


an attendee looks at computers showing the “dubai font,” the typeface developed by microsoft for dubai, during a conference to announce its launch. (agence france-presse)dubai has a grand announcement: the city now has its very own typographical font.the new “dubai font” integrates the arabic and roman alphabets and will be available for use in 23 languages. the font will soon be used by the dubai government in all official correspondence, crown prince sheikh hamdan bin mohammed bin rashid al-maktoum said at an event on sunday.for ever-ambitious dubai, the font seems to be a relatively minor achievement. the united arab emirates' largest city has long been known for megaprojects, including the world's tallest building and the world's largest indoor ski resort. last year, it ann...






dubai unveils official new font


dubai: tired of times new roman and over arial? dubai’s government might have the solution.called simply ‘dubai font,’ the new arabic and latin type styles are now freely available for the whole world to use.with its simple, san serif latin typeface, and a modern, stripped-down arabic script, the font can be used for 23 different languages.the font is available for all of the 100 million users of microsoft’s office 365 software, and downloaded in multiple formats on dubaifont.com.the dubai executive council, chaired by shaikh hamdan bin mohammad bin rashid al maktoum, crown prince of dubai, has instructed all the emirate’s government bodies to use the font.“the launch of the dubai font to the world is a very important step for us as part of our continuous efforts to be ranked f...






shaikh hamdan bin mohammad introduces dubai font


crown prince of dubai and chairman of the executive council of dubai shaikh hamdan bin mohammad bin rashid al maktoum has launched the dubai font — microsoft’s first font to be created by a city and named after it — in line with the uae’s vision to become a regional and global leader in innovation.on this occasion, shaikh hamdan officially directed government institutions in the emirate of dubai to adopt the font in government correspondences, saying: “the launch of the dubai font to the world is a very important step for us as part of our continuous efforts to be ranked first in the digital world."we are confident that this new font and its unique specifications will prove popular among other fonts used online and in smart technologies across the world. therefore, we urge all g...






fontsize - why does latex not support free choice of font sizes? - tex


why is it that font sizes seems to be of a quantized character instead of being continuous? this seems not to be restricted to tex, but an overall thing in typography.indeed, the "quantized character" of font sizes is not restricted to tex and friends, it's widely observed in (good) typography. basically, when you change font sizes (say, for headers, or for footnote material), you want to make the size change both noticeable and yet "not too jarring" as well. for text material, a well-established typographic convention is to change the font sizes in a geometric progression of 20% increments/decrements. e.g., if the basic font size is 10pt, \footnotesize is 20% (linearly) smaller (8pt), while \large and \large are 20% and 44%, resp., linearly larger (12pt and 14.4pt, resp.). and so ...






tex history - what is the origin of the family/series/shape distinction? - tex


in the olden times (before nfss), latex had the commands \it, \sl, \bf and \tt, which were not “orthogonal” to each other. sonormal {\it italic {\bf boldface {\sl slanted}}} would have printed “boldface” in upright type and “slanted” in slanted type and medium weight.in order to get boldface italic you had to define your own command, using a rather low level interface: as low as requiring several \font declarations. keep also in mind that fonts were saved in the format, so you had to create an entirely new latexwhatever format if you wanted to use the “whatever” font family, based on a completely rewritten lfonts.tex file.the situation was unacceptable when the ams started the project to port ams-tex to latex. an entirely new and more flexible font selection sche...






a font that's readable with a 5px height


you're going to have trouble with most fonts at that small a size. some will have better hinting than others and be ok, but you're unlikely to find anything that perfectly works...what you really need is a font designed specifically to work at that size. bitmap fonts are fonts designed as actual raster images for a specific size; photoshop has bitmap font support in more recent version so that may be an option... otherwise you just search for "pixel fonts" to find normal vector fonts that are designed to simulate a pixel grid. this was the first result for a search of "5px pixel font":http://www.dafont.com/5x5-pixel.font






fontsize - why it seems that font sizes are quantized in typography? - tex


why is it that font sizes seems to be of a quantized character instead of being continuous? this seems not to be restricted to tex, but an overall thing in typography.indeed, the "quantized character" of font sizes is not restricted to tex and friends, it's widely observed in (good) typography. basically, when you change font sizes (say, for headers, or for footnote material), you want to make the size change both noticeable and yet "not too jarring" as well. for text material, a well-established typographic convention is to change the font sizes in a geometric progression of 20% increments/decrements. e.g., if the basic font size is 10pt, \footnotesize is 20% (linearly) smaller (8pt), while \large and \large are 20% and 44%, resp., linearly larger (12pt and 14.4pt, resp.). and so ...






calligrapher pens quran in complex arabic diwani font


beirut — a lebanese calligrapher has completed a two-year project to hand write a copy of the quran, islam’s holy book, in the rarely-used and delicate arabic-language diwani font.mahmoud bayoun, 80, believes this is the first time this has been done. in diwani font, each letter can be written six or seven ways.“i wanted to do something no one has done”, bayoun told reuters. “all fonts can be computerised but the diwani font can’t — because all computer fonts meet at a horizontal line but the diwani (font) goes above, on and below the line.” the quran, approximately containing around 6,300 verses, is traditionally written in the naskhi font, which is designed to be easy to read and write.bayoun, who had previously written out the quran four times in simpler script, has stud...






how to - how to explain to a client the font in their logo is not to be used for


i much prefer to design type as much as any symbology in a logo. therefore, although type may be based upon some particular typeface, it's generally not a straight out "font".so, if asked "what font did you use", i don't hide the name of the typeface, i tell they straight up. i will, however, explain that i used xxxx as a general basis but have altered the letterforms to better solidify the overall brand design and although similar to xxxxxx, there is no font which will match the specific glyphs in the logo.if the client indicates they want to "match the font", i may express my opinion that doing so is unwarranted and that the brand/logo shouldn't be seen as dictating the overall type choices for any design. but that is just opinion after all. clients are going to mangle, degrade,...






teacher put all of the answers to the homework in white font?


we have science homework due tomorrow and it's basically a fill in the boxes homework about energy, on microsoft word. well, my friends and i quickly realised that the teacher had put all of the answers in white font in the boxes. so, all we need to do is change the font to black and there's our homework. i really don't know if this was an accident, intentional or a trap to test which of us are honest or not. so what do i do? do i just turn the font to black, read it over and laugh at how easy it was, or do i delete the boxes and actually try? i know which one i should do, of course, but if all the people in my class have done that and the answers are the same, what do i do?homework






dubai becomes first city in the world to get its own microsoft font!


dubai has become the first city in the world to get its own microsoft font! the city already holds the record for having the world’s tallest building and having the biggest shopping centre.microsoft’s first typeface for a city was on sunday launched by emirate’s crown prince sheikh hamdan bin mohammed. the prince has informed the government departments to use the new font for all official correspondence henceforth. he exuded confidence that the new font and its unique specifications will prove popular online and in smart technologies across the world. “this is considered a positive shift that will boost the emirate’s competitiveness in smart technology.”he reportedly said that the launch of the “dubai font” is a very important step for them to be ranked first in the digital...






full path to current font file - tex


test file\def\showcurrentfontpath{% \immediate\write20{}% \immediate\write20{current font at line \the\inputlineno}% \immediate\write18{kpsewhich \fontname\font.tfm}% \immediate\write20{}% } abc\showcurrentfontpath {\it abc\showcurrentfontpath} \bye compile with pdftex and the console will showcurrent font at line 8 /usr/local/texlive/2017/texmf-dist/fonts/tfm/public/cm/cmr10.tfm current font at line 10 /usr/local/texlive/2017/texmf-dist/fonts/tfm/public/cm/cmti10.tfm if you want a printout, compile the following file with pdftex -shell-escape\def\showcurrentfontpath{% \begingroup\edef\x{\fontname\font.tfm}% \par\noindent \tt current font at line \the\inputlineno:% \par\noindent ...






open a terminal with font size option through command line


i need a command line to open a gnome-terminal in a specified position of my screen and with specified font-size.i'm already able to open it into specified position using --geometry option; but then i need to manually press ctrl+- four times to obtain needed look.noting that i don't want this font-size to be a default option for all my terminals, is there a way to open it with (very) small font from command line?






'happy days' star erin moran's troubled life in southern indiana


p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 17.0px times; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} span.s1 {font-kerning: none}        






a microsoft word font may bring down nawaz sharif government! here's how


the undoing of nawaz sharif government in pakistan might be due to a microsoft word font, which was used by pm sharif's daughter maryam.the undoing of nawaz sharif government in pakistan might be due to a microsoft word font, which was used by pm sharif’s daughter maryam while allegedly forging some documents and later submittig them to a team investigating illegal offshore properties flagged in the panama papers, the country’s media reported.according to a times of india report, on page-55 of the investigative team’s final report, it says that maryam’s documents had on them sentences typed in the “calibri” font which was not available before january 31, 2007. the documents themselves, though, were from 2006.according to the wikipedia, the calibri font was made much before 200...






fontsize - why does latex not support free choice of font sizes? - tex


you can specify any size that you like, for example\fontsize{2cm}{2in}\selectfont for a 2cm font on a 2in baseline.however some fonts (not many these days) are only available in a fixed set of sizes. by default the initial computer modern fonts are restricted as originally they were only available as bitmap fonts and while they could be generated at different sizes you would not want to generate arbitrary bitmaps and fill your disk.if you put \requirepackage{fix-cm} at the top of the file, computer modern is also allowed at any size.most other fonts typically used with tex are by default allowed at arbitrary sizes.note that most classes offer a restricted set of font sizes not because it is technically hard to load a font at another size but because for each size supported you nee...






microsoft's calibri font is at the center of a political scandal


a cursory glance at the history of calibri reveals it became the default font on microsoft powerpoint, excel, outlook, and wordpad in 2007. however, microsoft's website states that version 1.0 of the font was available to download separately as far back as 2005. and, according to font consultant thomas phinney, calibri was also available as part of a windows pre-release in 2004.these technicalities could prove critical if the country's supreme court decides to take further action. but that hasn't stopped the allegations from whipping up a frenzy in the pakistani media and twitterverse. "calibri" is still trending in the country, with twitter users using the term "#fontgate" to deride the government.pakistan's leading english newspaper dawn even reached out to calibri creator lucas ...






math mode - what does \mathgroup mean? how to use it? - tex


tex allows one to say$a+{\fam4 x}$ which will print a in the default math italic and x in the font assigned to math family 4. in plain tex such assignments are static and family 4 is assigned the text italic font.in latex the assignments are dynamic, depending on the document and the math font package loaded. so one doesn't know in advance what family is assigned the boldface font; the assignment is made once and for all when the first \mathbf command is performed. this is in common with all macros defined with \declaremathalphabet.latex also calls \family in a different way, namely \mathgroup; they are synonyms.you could do\atbegindocument{% \sbox0{$\mathbf{\xdef\mathbfgroup{\the\mathgroup}}$}% } and the macro \mathbfgroup will hold the math group (family) number corresponding to \mathbf.






microsoft office - when was calibri font made available for use?


the answer is yes.plenty of people has access to the font before it was released to the general public as part of a retail product.in 2002, microsoft® put together a virtual team of type designers and consultants to develop the cleartype® font collection, a series of multi-language system typefaces to make full use of the superior rendering qualities of cleartype. this technology, “a very neat trick to increase the resolution of screen hardware using software alone”, was originally developed for e-books by microsoft’s bert keely and bill jill.the cleartype font collection was presented to the public in 2004 and became the typographic core of the windows® vista operating system and the ms office suite. besides luc(as) de groot, the type designers ...






dubai font extends imprint across the city


giant letters highlight initiative encouraging people to use new font for reading, writing and self-expressiondubai: giant letters highlighting the ‘dubai font’ initiative have been put up across the city with the objective of encouraging reading, writing and self-expression.this unique initiative serves as a reminder of the core values that characterisee the city of dubai: happiness, giving, respect, tolerance, modernity, smartness and living in harmony. these letter figures are found on shaikh zayed road, shaikh mohammad bin rashid boulevard, dubai mall and kite beach among other key roads and main streets in dubai. reflecting the unique design of the font and blending 23 different languages in harmony, this initiative has been launched in celebration of the recent unveiling of the






using a clients font to print their files


each and every foundry has an end user license agreement (eula) for their fonts. they all vary to some degree. some eulas may forbid the client from ever sending you files to begin. some eulas state (paraphrasing) that sharing in order to "facilitate reproduction" is acceptable, but nothing is to be retained after reproduction. really, only reading the license will definitively explain what you may or may not do with that foundries fonts. in most cases, requiring a pdf/x-1a from clients really makes the whole font licensing issue a non-starter since fonts are embedded in the pdf. it certainly removes all liability for you (or your company) because no font software is ever transferred. but i also realize that some production methods kind of need live editable type for proper set up and pd..






ssh - ls colors: why are some of my fonts black and others green in ls output


i uploaded some font files to aws (running amazon linux) and moved them to the /usr/share/fonts directory using a cp command in .ebextensions.when i ssh in from my mac and use ls -a, i see some files are colored differently - one set of font files is black while others are green. i'm curious what caused this to be so, and if it will create any problems for my code.from another answer on askubuntu i found this key on how to interpret these colours. i can't understand why a .ttf would be executable or why one set of .ttfs would be recognized and not another.blue: directorygreen: executable or recognized data filesky blue: linked fileyellow with black background: devicepink: graphic image file red: archive filethese files were all downloaded to a mac from various font sites before uploading.






sharif’s daughter forged documents with calibri font: jit


islamabad: the panamagate joint investigation team (jit) has accused prime minister nawaz sharif’s daughter, maryam, of presenting fake documents on two 2006 declarations to the probe team using the “calibri” font, which was not commercially available until january 30, 2007.the jit, which is probing allegations of money laundering against sharif and his family, said maryam, her brothers, hussain and hassan, and her husband, captain mohammad safdar (retd), had signed false documents to mislead the supreme court.the team that probed offshore assets of sharif family said in its report that maryam claimed herself to be “trustee not the owner” of avenfield properties in london, which linked her to minerva services and samba financial, geo news reported.the jit said that her claim turn...






how to use futura font in latex? - tex


i gather your computer runs macosx, possibly (likely?) macosx 10.12 "sierra". if so, futura medium may be installed by default in the file /library/fonts/futura.ttc. by the way, futura is a fairly large family of fonts, with 6 weights -- light, book, medium, heavy, bold, and extra bold -- in the "regular" category and 4 more weights -- light, medium, bold, and extra bold -- in the "condensed" category. for each weight, there's both an upright and an oblique (aka slanted) font shape.assuming you have access to just the system selection of futura weight/shape/(non)condensed combinations, the following program -- to be run under either xelatex or lualatex -- should give you access to both the upright and the oblique font shape of futura medium.% !tex program = xelatex % or: lualatex ...






fonts - americanist phonetic alphabet (apa) glottalized plosive - tex


this is encoded in unicode as "combining comma above" (u+0313} and with a suitable font and xelatex or lualatex can be entered directly. in the example below i've made a \glottal macro to make input simpler. i've used doulos sil as the font, which places the character correctly; other fonts may place it differently, unfortunately (for example, linux libertine o and cmu serif both seem to place it to the right, but doulos and charis sil place it correctly.)note that the font used to display code doesn't display the actual character on the site, but if you cut and paste this code into your editor it will 'magically' appear. (i've attached a screenshot of the code for the skeptical.)\documentclass{article} \usepackage{fontspec} \setmainfont{doulos sil} \newcommand{\glot...






math mode - what does \mathgroup mean? how to use it? - tex


tex allows one to say$a+{\fam4 x}$ which will print a in the default math italic and x in the font assigned to math family 4. in plain tex such assignments are static and family 4 is assigned the text italic font.in latex the assignments are dynamic, depending on the document and the math font package loaded. so one doesn't know in advance what family is assigned the boldface font; the assignment is made once and for all when the first \mathbf command is performed. this is in common with all macros defined with \declaremathalphabet.latex also calls \family in a different way, namely \mathgroup; they are synonyms.you could do\atbegindocument{% \sbox0{$\mathbf{\xdef\mathbfgroup{\the\mathgroup}}$}% } and the macro \mathbfgroup will hold the math group (family) number corresponding to \mathbf.






convicted murderer shaun walmsley freed by gun-wielding gang while visiting hosp


merseyside police are hunting convicted murderer shaun walmsley, 28, after two armed men helped him escape custody while on a hospital visit in liverpool, the force said.the sun has reported the ambush of walmsley’s taxi outside aintree university hospital was carried out by two men armed with a gun, knife and pepper spray.walmsley is serving 30 years for his role in the murder of anthony duff, 33, in a drug-related incident that saw the victim stabbed and slashed 28 times.walmsley was remanded in custody at hmp liverpool after being sentenced to life imprisonment in june 2015, with a 30-year tariff.neither of the prison guards were hurt during the incident that took place after walmsley’s appointment.walmsley, of wallace street, walton, is described as white, 6ft tall and of slim build wi






dubai is the first city to design its own microsoft font


dubai's crown prince, sheikh hamdan bin mohammed bin rashid al maktoum, oversaw the project and is now ordering government agencies to use the new font in their official correspondence. prince hamdan also shared a video on twitter touting the dubai font as a tool for self-expression. "expression knows no boundaries or limits. expression is strength and freedom. it defines who you are," the video states. the prince concludes his tweet with the hashtag #expressyou.but, as the new york times points out, there are boundaries and limits for expression in dubai, and in the rest of the united arab emirates as a whole. the government restricts freedom of speech and freedom of the press. even a youtube sketch comedy video can land you in a maximum-security prison for nine months. "what's missi...






macros - the laws of expansion (\chardef\foo=\foo) - tex


fact the file-name of the default font for a pdftex-compiled latex document on my system is cmr10. (how do i know? \fontname\font. see here.)fact the font defined in the file cmr10 has a glyph of the greek capital letter lambda at code point 3, and a glyph of the mathematical symbol for the empty set at code point 31. (how do i know? \fonttable{cmr10}. see here.)consider the following (la)tex manuscript, inspired by this answer.\documentclass{article} \begin{document} \def\foo{1} \chardef\foo=3\foo \end{document} compiling the manuscript with pdftex version 3.14159265-2.6-1.40.18 (tex live 2017) results in a pdf file, whose body consists of a single letter: a greek capital letter lambda.this goes contrary to my expectations that the body of the pdf would consist o...






font where o is very distinct from zero


as @sebastian rightly rephrased, "how would one even differentiate an o from a 0 in the absence of the latter? i don't think there's a convention for that."you are asking for ideas to get around your problem. i propose that you work it out via the width of the characters: you have got f4tyo, i.e. four letters and one digit. so search for fonts where the digits (numbers) are obviously more narrow than the (capital) letters. that way the 4 is indirectly telling your readers that the o is not a 0 but a capital letter. if you cannot find much distinction in width, my second choice would be stroke-width (but any quality font would hardly have a noticable difference between letters and digits).i need to get going, so will not do your homework. once you have decided what you are looking for, ...






fourier - how to get all math numbers in italics? - tex


i am currently trying to get all numbers in math mode in italics. however, i find no way of re-defining the numbers 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 to make them italics as long as they are in a math environment. i am using the fourier font, both for text and math. though it's not quite useful, here is a small mwe.\documentclass{article} % packages loading \usepackage[sloped]{fourier} % to customise font. \begin{document} $0123456789$ \end{document} the numbers in the output (below) are of course not in italics, which is what i wish.any help will be appreciated.ps: i am aware that this may be considered bad typesetting practices, but i want to see how it looks in my document anyway.ps2: i found several closely-related questions in the site; but none of them addressed this questio...






pakistan pm nawaz sharif’s daughter forged documents with calibri font: jit


panamagate joint investigation team is probing allegations of money laundering against sharif and his familymaryam nawaz, the daughter of pakistan's prime minister nawaz sharif gestures as she speaks to media in islamabad, pakistan july 5, 2017.islamabad: the panamagate joint investigation team (jit) has accused prime minister nawaz sharif’s daughter, maryam, of presenting fake documents on two 2006 declarations to the probe team using the “calibri” font, which was not commercially available until january 30, 2007.the jit, which is probing allegations of money laundering against sharif and his family, said maryam, her brothers, hussain and hassan, and her husband, captain mohammad safdar (retd), had signed false documents to mislead the supreme court.the team that probed offshore as...






49ers hire john lynch as next gm


p o: jonathan bachman, ociated press image 1of/1captioncloseimage 1 of 1this nov. 9, 2014 p o shows former nfl player john lynch on the sideline. the san francisco 49ers have hired lynch to be their general manager.  (ap p o/jonathan bachman)click ahead for reasons why kyle shanahan was a good choice as the 49ers' coach. lessthis nov. 9, 2014 p o shows former nfl player john lynch on the sideline. the san francisco 49ers have hired lynch to be their general manager.  (ap p o/jonathan bachman) click ahead for reasons why kyle ... more p o: jonathan bachman, ociated press 49ers hire john lynch as next gm1 / 1back to galleryjohn lynch has a stanford degree, nine pro bowl berths and a successful broadcasting career, but he possesses no experience as an nfl executive.despite that last little d